• Lietuviškai


Research of the Great Synagogue

Archaeological research of the Great Synagogue & Shulhoyf of Vilna (Vilnius) takes part on July 9 – 31, 2018. The archaeological research of the Great Synagogue began in 2011 when the remains of the Great Synagogue were first located. In 2016-2017, remnants of the public bathhouse of the Jewish community of Vilnius and two Mikves (ritual baths) were exposed. The aim of the 2018 excavation is to further explore the bathhouse and to outline its perimeter and the back (northwestern) wall of the Great Synagogue.

The joint Lithuanian-Israeli-American excavation and research project of the Great Synagogue of Vilna (Vilnius) will be lead by teams from the ‘Kulturos paveldo išsaugojimo pajegos’ of Lithuania and the ‘Israel Antiquities Authority’. The research is financed by the Good Will Foundation and by members of the research team. Project partners are Jewish Community of Lithuania and Vilnius City Municipality.

The excavation site is open for public on July 19 and July 26, at 16.00 – 17.00. On July 18 and July 25 at 12.00–13.00 free excursions on Jewish heritage and the Great Synagogue are organised by the guide of local Jewish Community.
Registration to the excursion of July 25: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1aU_8h8BtxDx-F7Ak44tHXX80j-oikvCKvET2vOng9h4/edit

Research Team
Dr. Jon Seligman –  Israel Antiquities Authority
Zenonas Baubonis, Simona Širvydaitė-Šliupienė, Justinas Račas  –
VšĮ „Kultūros paveldo išsaugojimo pajėgos“, Lithuania
Prof. Richard Freund –  Maurice Greenberg Center for Judaic Studies, University of Hartford
Prof. Harry Jol – University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Prof. Philip  Reeder  –  Duquesne University

The brick Great Synagogue of Vilna (Vilnius) was built in the 17th century in the Renaissance-Baroque style to replace a wooden synagogue built on the same site a century earlier. Over time the synagogue developed into the communal centre of Jewish life of the city and was surrounded by 12 kloyzen (small study synagogues), the administrative centre of the community and a bathhouse which contained the Mikve (ritual baths), all situated around two courtyards known as the Shulhoyf. In 1903 the important Strashun rabbinical library moved to a new building erected between the Great Synagogue and Žydų Street. During the Second World War, the Great Synagogue and the Shulhoyf buildings were severely damaged. Between 1955 and 1957 the remains were demolished and in 1964 a brick kindergarten was built over the site of the Great Synagogue.